Friday, February 2, 2018

Library Instruction and liaising reflections


Revised way to approach first-year Writing 150:


·     I started by talking about the specific assignment itself, then concept maps as a way to diagram ideas and relate them to each other, showed one with circles intersecting, added synonyms and more ideas.
·     A different way of doing them is via rows because library databases process their ideas in this way. (Defined a database as a grouping of information sources, like the categories of contacts in their phones.)
·     Talked about truncation as a wildcard to substitute for other letters (or cards in a game) to shorten words to their trunk or root and swap in the *.
·     I showed the process of searching for 1 word, then adding synonyms with OR, getting more results via our “Find articles, books, & more” or a single box in Academic Search Premier. Then how ASP has 3 boxes with AND automatically between the rows. When we start adding ideas, we get fewer results and the more ideas we add, the fewer results there are.
·     Then using the left menu to further narrow the results with dates, subjects, disciplines, types of information, language. Pointed out the kinds of ideas that showed up in the articles, and how the left menu subjects matched those in the citations.
·     Putting sources in folders, opening the folder, and emailing the sources in the “MLA citation format.” (Defined: list of sources at the end of the essay, bibliography, works cited, citations, style)
·     Use Get it @ if there is no PDF, HTML, or Linked Full Text available 
·     Go to the Library, Subject Guides, WRT 150 for your research. Explore the Articles/Databases and apply the ideas you learned.
·    As I helped individual students, I noticed that one was very probably a veteran, so I 
    listened carefully to her question, gently encouraged her choice of topic, and praised the
    way she had completed the form.

·     Finally, how to use parentheses to group synonyms with a single search box, e.g., (biking OR bicycl*) AND (commut*) AND (health* OR wellness) AND safety

Many of the students didn’t have an idea for their essay yet, and I encouraged them to work on this and complete the worksheet before the next class period.

Friday, October 13, 2017

Quantum reasoning, linguistics, and AI

Bruza, Peter D. & Cole, Richard (2005) Quantum Logic of Semantic Space: An Exploratory Investigation of Context Effects in Practical Reasoning. In Artemov, S., Barringer, H., d'Avila Garcez, A.S., & Woods, J.H. (Eds.) We Will Show Them: Essays in Honour of Dov Gabbay. College Publications, London, UK, pp. 339-361. https://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0612178

"Associations are often based on similarity (e.g., semantic or analogical similarity)....

The strength of associations between concepts change dynamically under the influence of context" (2).

"A product of the collapse is a change of state, or “meaning” of the word. As a consequence, word associations also change. QM is one of the few frameworks in which context is neatly integrated. Essentially, context is something akin to a quantum measurement which brings about collapse." ... However, "In QM, collapse results in an eigenstate, whereas the collapse of word meaning in semantic space may be partial" (20). 

OK, so what this means, I think, is that formulas from quantum mechanics may be applied to representing how we categorize new conceptual information (aka knowledge). The categories we put concepts in are based on their associations with each other; the context they are in leads to specific meaning. When one puts a term in context, as in a phrase or sentence, the possible meanings of the term collapse, perhaps to a fewer number, or even to one (the "eigenstate"). How strongly we associate a concept with other concepts depends on their similarity.

Context is everything. So, if one chooses to categorize the concept of "light" as being made of "particles" (associating light with "matter"), that is what one detects and measures; and the same for "light" and "waves" (associating it with "sound").
 

---------------------------
Busemeyer, Jerome & Bruza, Peter D. (2012) Quantum models of cognition and decision. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

This book follow up with applying quantum probability to semantics and applying the quantum entanglement state to neuroscience to understand how we process information - how we think and know, how we make decisions, word associations and memory. 

Peter is now applying information processing to artificial intelligence, autonomous robots, health-related clinical decision-making, and trust. He is the Discipline Leader for Information Science, which is where my sabbatical QUT fellowship is situated. 

Sunday, September 3, 2017

Adventures in Australian fiction

I have been reading mostly Australian writers.

Picture books:

Gibbs, May. Found Tales from the Gum Tree sickeningly cutesy.

Lester, Alison, Elizabeth Honey, and the children of Gununa. Our Island is great! The children did the artwork, using crayons and food dye.

Oliver, Narelle. Fox and Fine Feathers was fantastic, gorgeous artwork.

Owen, Lindsey, ill. by Matteo Grilli. Poss in Boots was funny, about a young possum who tap dances on the roof of a house of jazz musicians.

Found the book about the Aboriginal cricket team in the 1800's illuminating.
Juvenile:

Brinsmead, Hesba: lovedThe Honey Forest

Hall, Leanne: Iris and the Tiger - set in Spain but with an Australian protagonist - really terrific!   


Lindsay, Norman: I read about half of The Magic Pudding - it is funny.

Pascoe, Bruce: Mrs Whitlam (Aboriginal, girl and horse) was ok but the writing wasn't that good.


YA:

  • Brinsmead, Hesba: I felt that Isle of the Sea Horse was boring, sort of an Aussie retelling of Swiss Family Robinson so didn't finish it.
  • Fitzpatrick, Deb. Have you Seen Ally Queen?  I guess I'm tired of sad YA novels: didn't finish it.
  • Gough, Erin: I found The Flywheel by (lesbian) difficult and sad until the very end, when it came round right.
  • Winch, Tara June: Swallow the Air (Aboriginal) was beautifully written but so very sad.
  • Wrightson,
    Patricia: liked A Little Fear and A Wisp of Smoke. Did not finish Shadows of Time.


Adult:
Slatter, Angela. I just finished the compelling Vigil (urban myth, Brisbane setting) and have been thinking about it ever since. Corpselight was also compelling! Next is Restoration, due out in 2018.

Greenwood, Kerry. Enjoyed Earthly Delights - loved it right up until the ending! Next is Heavenly Pleasures, only in print format at KDL (as are the others in this Corinna Chapman series). I placed a request for the large print of Devil's Food (#3) from Brisbane Library.

Hodgson, Anthea. The Drifter -  not your typical Western Australia romance - an excellent story!

Nunn, Judy. Enjoyed Spirits of the Ghan - historical and contemporary fiction, set in cities and the Outback.  

Fergus, Lara. Tried to read My Sister Chaos (about a lesbian cartographer with OCD, obsessed with mapping her house, and her twin) but couldn't stand it.

Hawthorne, Susan. Falling Woman is about a lesbian with epilepsy, told in 3 ways - as a child, Stella, as an adult with her partner, Estella, and there's a mystical part with Estelle. I'm enjoying it and am simultaneously bored with it.

Mears, Gillian. Foal's Bread. 2012. - fiction about a young woman, set in New South Wales between WWI and WWII. Great writing but sad, and I didn't finish it.

Van Neerven, Ellen. Read Heat and Light (Aboriginal, lesbian short stories); it too was beautifully written but sad.


Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Sabbatical update

Since July 21, I've talked with more authors whose works I've read (Ian Stoodley, Elham Sayyad Abdi), been asked to showcase GVSU Libraries (that is, guest lecture in 2 different Information, a.k.a. library school, master's level courses), corresponded with chapter authors for the book, worked on my own chapter - especially creating a model for it, and went to another lecture by Ron Arkin (Georgia Tech) about "Lethal autonomous robots and the plight of the noncombatant."

Ron's work in robot ethics
is fascinating. He addressed: In war, what is the appropriate role of robotics technology? He wants the use of AI and robotics to reduce ethical infractions in military, especially noncombatant casualties, by giving robots A) the right of refusal, B) the ability to monitor and report others’ behavior, C) protocols which incorporate existing and relevant laws of war and the Geneva Convention. Robots should be used ALONGSIDE people, not replacing them. Robots can act conservatively, can make use of more sensors and process/integrate more data/info in a shorter amount of time, do not have emotions that might cloud judgment (e.g., soldiers executing wounded combatants), can independently and objectively monitor ethical behavior. Ron described "ethical architecture" and coding then declared that there is already proof of concept (i.e., robots have been proven capable and effective). If you want to read more, MeL has his book: Governing lethal behavior in autonomous robots http://elibrary.mel.org/record=b17727768~S15.

Work in AI (artificial intelligence) is going to affect us all very deeply in the near future. I watched a fascinating program about this last night, and the upshot was that our jobs in higher education will be to teach human students social skills and how to interact with technology (machine intelligence). This is why I am so passionate about the "relational" approach to information literacy - appreciating the different ways of understanding and experiencing learning includes how we relate to each other and relate to information - this is the future! Yes, we have to include behavioral skills too, along with the socio-cultural elements - it's a "both/and."

Saturday, June 24, 2017

Toward sabbatical

I read an interesting novel mostly set on Mackinac Island: The Island of Doves by Kelly O'Connor McNees, about a woman who escapes an abusive situation and finds a new, supportive, loving family. It is based on historical people in the early 1800's.

We talked about what moving forward means in the Teaching Life Retreat. I have new ideas; I am embarking on scholarship; I am embarking upon an adventure! I would like to help the workplace create a culture of support, community, and open communication. I want to help colleagues truly practice inclusion, equity, and integrity. I would like to get (back, and forward) to the person who is a good listener, can see the big picture and any gaps, can draw out the feelings and needs of the speaker, can coach toward better teaching and learning by practicing the principles of "nonviolent communication" and (nonreligious) spiritual direction as well as peer coaching. I also want to practice art and music, to move toward realizing a vision in my photos and improving my painting. One person suggested that I look into the symphony's "Musical for Health Initiative" program to see if I could join to play my viola for people, when I come back -- maybe there is an opportunity for amateurs, volunteers.

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Art and vessel

What is it that I want to portray with art? Yousef Karsh showed people's souls through stillness in portraits, Henri Cartier-Bresson through the "decisive moment" in candid B&W photos. Eve Arnold used available low light and muted color in her outdoor photos. 

How do my experiences and influencers show up? Outdoor photos with available (often low) light. Trying to show how light falls or bounces. Stillness, except for the motion of water. Romantic. Pointillism.

I'm more serious than funny but have a sense of humor. I carry fear, anger, and resistance to authority. I love learning, nature, connection, reflecting.
Taking the photos gives me a kind of focus outside myself, as does manipulating them. What about my photos would/might move someone forward to new understanding? Patterns - repeated shapes or shadows, details of a flower. 

Being in-between: not one thing nor another but a third concept, upside-down and backwards (a.k.a. contrary) to most people. A solitary mystic who revels in contemplating and exploring the biggest ideas about the universe and how we fit into it. How the parts mirror and reveal the whole, how the whole has to be considered in individual decisions and actions and why it is so very necessary to consider the "other" or "othered": social justice, responsibility, compassion, bridges.

What are some ideas to explore? Chaos. How the physical items I have show who I am? Quaker history of Indian boarding schools; reconciliation--started a conversation about creating something like an “Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners” statement but am leaving it to season with time and to let elders discuss the idea.

I feel so distant from the book and my chapter. Maybe that's what my pictures show right now - that waiting emptiness. The paths without a center of focus - just the open path. Maybe that's all I can be right now - a vessel. An unoccupied bench, a reflection in the water.



Thursday, June 8, 2017

Kristin Hogan



The GVSU Library partnered with Women, Gender, & Sexuality Studies to bring Kristen Hogan to campus - professor/librarian and author of The Feminist Bookstore Movement : Lesbian Antiracism and Feminist Accountability.

An interview with her about her book:

Chapters and an article:
We Collect, Organize, Preserve, and Provide Access, With Respect: Indigenous Peoples’ Cultural Life in Libraries, in Beyond Article 19 : Libraries and Social and Cultural Rights, with Loriene Roy

Balancing Access to Knowledge and Respect for Cultural Knowledge: Librarian Advocacy with Indigenous Peoples’ Self-Determination in Access to Knowledge, in Libraries Driving Access to Knowledge

Women’s Studies in Feminist Bookstores: “All the Women’s Studies women would come in,”  Signs Journal of Women in Culture and Society.

My thoughts:
Hogan's writings about Indigenous peoples helped me think about access to sacred knowledge in a different way - that sometimes there are good reasons for limiting access to information or artifacts (e.g., to certain seasons of the year) or to certain population segments (e.g., women vs men, indigenous or non-indigenous).
 
Hogan refers to the Feminist Bookstore News, which we have in the Independent Voices database, so I looked up Kalamazoo Pandora and read the articles about River Ardz's bookstore, which I think was open 1981-1999. While I went there, it was infrequently, and I felt like I missed out on a lot of River's wisdom, until Amy reminded me that I should be gentle with myself about the past and living in Kalamazoo.